Who is Lord Sri Venkatesha (Balaji) as per Vedic Scriptures?

Lord_Balaji

To know about the Lord let’s refer Brahmanda Puran, in Brahmanda Purana, Brahma Dev tells a prayer(stotra) to Sage Narada. This stotram(Prayer) is present in Brahmanda Puran chapter 4 on the “Greatness of the Venkatachala Hill”, which occurs in the midst of the discussion between Brahma dev and sage Narada. From these verses lets know about lord Sri Venkateshwara. Check the following verses:

1.Venkatesho , Vasudevah, pradhyumno , amitha Vikramah | 
Sankarshano anirudhascha Seshadri patireva cha. ||

(Translation[1]: Lord Venkatesha is Vasudeva (Vasudeva means one who is present everywhere & root of Knowledge); He(Lord Venkatesha) is Unlimited valorous Pradhyumna, Sankarshana, Anirudha and the Lord of Seshadri-hills (The Tirumala/tirupati Hill was known famously as Seshadri in Dwapara Yuga).

2. Janardhanah , padmanabho , venkatachala vasanah, 
Srushti Kartha , jagannatho, Maadhavo, Bhaktha vathsalah.||

(Translation[2]He is Janardhana – one who removes ignorance in people;Padmanabha – one with a lotus on his belly; venkatachala vasanah – One who lives in the great Venkatachala hill; Srushti Kartha – He is the creator; jagannatho – Lord of the universe; Maadhva – husband of goddess of fortune(Sri Lakshmi also known as Rama devi) and Bhaktha vathsalah – one who is dear to his devotees.)

3. Govindo, gopathih, Krishna, Keshavo, Garuda dwaja, 
Varaho, Vamanaschaiva , Narayana , Adhokshajah ||

(Translation[3]He is Govinda – one who is all knower and Protector of Earth & Vedas (“Govinda” is “Go + Vinda”, “Go” refers to Earth, Vedas, Senses & Cows; “vinda” refers to knower or Protector), Govinda also means one who directs senses in right direction; He is Gopathi – one who is the Lord of senses; he is Lord Sri KrishnaKeshava – who is lord of Brahma & Shiva(keshava = Ka+shiva, Ka means Brahma); Garuda dwaja – One with Garuda in his flag. He is Lord Varaha – Lord’s boar incarnation who protected the earth from demons; he is Lord Vamana – the dwarf incarnation who protected Devatas; He isNARAYANA – who is abode to auspicious qualities & the abode for living beings;  Adhokshajah – One who is beyond the perception of material senses and one who is forever victorious.)

4. Sridara , pundarikaksha, sarva deva sthutho hari, 
Sri Narasimho, maha Simha, suthrakara purathanah. ||

(Translation[4]Sridara – He is the one who carries goddess of fortune mother sri Lakshmi; Pundararikaksha – one with lotus like eyes; He is the Vishnu prayed by all devas, Hari means that He removes away all inauspicious things from the devotee’s life. Sri Narasimho – He is the great man-lion incarnation, He is the great lion, and he is ancient, cause of everything.)

5. Ramanatho mahi bhartha, bhoodhara , purushothama, 
Chola puthra Priya santho , brahmadeenaam vara pradhah ||

(Translation[5]Ramanatho means husband of mother Laxmi (Ramaa devi is Lakshmi devi), Bhoodhara – he is husband of mother earth, One who carries earth; purushothama – Superior among all beings, supreme being. cholaputra means a son who is fit to liberate his ancestors(pitrus), priyah- one who has affection on such cholaputra; santho – he is peaceful. “brahmadeenaam vara pradhah” – he is the giver of boons to Demi-gods like Brahma and others.)

6. Srinidhi sarva bhoothaanaam bhayakrudh, bhaya nasana, 
Sri Ramo Ramabhadrascha bhava bhandaika mochakah. ||

(Translation[6]He who is the treasure of Goddess of fortune Lakshmi; and one who creates fear in demons, He also destroys fear in good beings; He is Rama, He is Rama who is extremely auspicious & ensures safety; he who releases living-beings from the bondage of cycle of birth & death)

7. Bhuthavaso girivasa , srinivasa , sriya pathi, 
Achyuthaanantha govindo vishnur venkata nayakah || 

(Translation[7]He is shelter for all the sentient and non sentient things, He lives in all beings as paramatma(supreme-soul), he who lives on the hills and also all the wisdom(Vidyas) resides in  him. he is consort of Goddess of fortune mother Lakshmi devi & Bhoodevi. He who is infinite(without any limits), who is Infallible and he who gives bliss to senses. He is the one who is Vishnu, the Lord of Venkata-hills)

8. Sarva devaika saranam , sarva devaika daivatham | 
Samastha deva kavacham , sarva deva shikamani. ||

(Translation[8]He is the refuge of all devas(Demi-Gods) and the Lord of all devas, He gives protection for all devas and he is the head of all devas(demi-gods)). This is the great prayer from Brahmanda Puran, from the above verses we can know about Lord Sri Venkateshwara and his glories. This prayer is called Sri Venkateshwara Stotram of Brahmanda Purana and many devotees recite this prayer daily 3 times. Brahmanda Puran also mentioned ‘Sri Venkatesha Sahasra Naam’(1008 names of Lord Venkatesha), which occurs under conversation between sage Vasista and Narada and also ‘Venkatesha Ashtottara stotram’(108 names of Lord Sri Venkatesha).

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